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Geothermal energy : renewable energy and the environment

作者: William E. Glassley 出版社: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781482221749分类号: TK521 /G549-2
出版时间: 2014-10-13有361人浏览

[内容简介]
 

An In-Depth Introduction to Geothermal Energy
Addressing significant changes in the energy markets since the first edition,Geothermal Energy: Renewable Energy and the Environment, Second Editionexpounds on the geothermal industry, exploring the expansion, growth, and development of geothermal systems. This text covers every area of geothermal energy, including environmental and economic issues, and technological advancements.

Considers the Vast Technological Achievements within the Geothermal Industry

 

 

Factoring in new concepts for distributed generation, hybrid technologies, and the development of Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS), the book incorporates real-world examples designed to illustrate the key aspects of chapter topics. It provides case studies in nearly every chapter, and includes examples from the U.S., Iceland, France, and Japan.
  • Contains comprehensive, quantitative, and rigorous treatment of the geology, geochemistry, and geophysics of geothermal resources, and how they impact exploration, resource assessment, and operations
  • Provides a state-of-the-art description of current Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS)
  • Presents an objective description of the most recent economic comparisons including all energy resources
  • Covers environmental issues of energy use and quantitative descriptions of the relative impacts of all renewable and non-renewable energy resources
  • Describes geothermal resources from a global perspective, including direct use and geothermal heat pump applications, as well as power production
Geothermal Energy: Renewable Energy and the Environment, Second Edition can be used for undergraduate coursework; as a reference for designers, planners, engineers, and architects; and as a source of background material for policymakers, 


[目录]
 

Introduction
Global Energy Landscape
Geothermal Energy as a Renewable Energy Source
Electrical Demand and the Characteristics of Geothermal Energy
How This Book Is Organized
Synopsis
Problems
References
Further Information Sources

Sources of Geothermal Heat: The Earth as a Heat Engine

 

 

Origin of the Earth’s Heat
Transfer of Heat in the Earth
Plate Tectonics and the Distribution of Geothermal Resources
Classification of Geothermal Systems by Their Geological Context
Availability and Utilization of Geothermal Energy
Synopsis
Case Studies
Problems
References
Further Information

Thermodynamics and Geothermal Systems

 

 

First Law of Thermodynamics: Equivalence of Heat and Work and the
Conservation of Energy
Second Law of Thermodynamics: Inevitable Increase of Entropy
Gibbs Function and Gibbs Energy (ΔG)
Thermodynamic Efficiency
Synopsis
Case Study: Thermodynamic Properties of Water and Rock–Water Interaction
Problems
References
Additional Sources

Subsurface Fluid Flow: Hydrology of Geothermal Systems

 

 

General Model for Subsurface Fluid Flow
Matrix Porosity and Permeability
Fracture Porosity and Permeability
Effect of Depth on Porosity and Permeability
Hydrologic Properties of Real Geothermal Systems
Synopsis
Case Study: Long Valley Caldera
Problems
References
Further Information Sources

Chemistry of Geothermal Fluids

 

 

Why the Geochemistry of Geothermal Fluids Matters
Water as a Chemical Agent
Components and Chemical Systems
Saturation and the Law of Mass Action
Kinetics of Geothermal Reactions
Gases in Geothermal Fluids
Fluid Flow and Mixing in Natural Systems
Simulating Reactive Transport
Synopsis
Case Study: Silica System
Problems
References

Exploring for Geothermal Systems: Geology and Geochemistry

 

 

Classifying Geothermal Environments
Classification of Geothermal Systems from a Regional Perspective
Origin of Geothermal Fluids: Significance for Resource Exploration and Assessment
Surface Manifestations
Fluid Geochemistry as an Exploration Tool
Fluid Inclusions
Alteration and Exploration
Synopsis
Problems
References
Additional Information Sources

Exploring for Geothermal Systems: Geophysical Methods

 

 

Geophysics as an Exploration Tool: Aeromagnetic Surveys
Resistivity and Magnetotelluric Surveys
Gravity Surveys
Seismicity and Reflection Seismology
Temperature Measurements
Remote Sensing as an Exploration Tool: Promising New Technique
Synopsis
Case Study: Fallon, Nevada
Problems
References
Additional Information Sources

Resource Assessments

 

 

Assessing a Geothermal Resource
Resource Base and Reserves
Determining the Reservoir Volume
Establishing the Reservoir Heat Content
Significance of Heat Capacity
Efficiency of Heat Extraction
Synopsis
Case Study: Establishing the US Geothermal Resource
Problems
References
Further Information Sources

Drilling

 

 

Background
Drilling for Geothermal Heat Pump and Direct-Use Applications
Drilling for Geothermal Fluids for Power Generation
Case Study: Kakkonda, Japan
Problems
References
Further Information Sources

Generating Power Using Geothermal Resources

 

 

History of Geothermal Power Production
Flexibility and Consistency
General Features of Geothermal Power Generation Facilities
Dry Steam Resources
Hydrothermal Systems
Binary Generation Facilities: Organic Rankine Cycle
Synopsis
Case Study: The Geysers
Problems
References
Further Information

Low-Temperature Geothermal Resources: Geothermal Heat Pumps

 

 

Basic Heat Pump Principles
Thermodynamics of Heat Pumps
Coefficient of Performance and Energy Efficiency Ratio
Near-Surface Thermal Reservoir
Thermal Conductivity and Heat Capacity of Soils
Design Considerations for Closed-Loop Systems
Local Variability: Why Measurements Matter
Synopsis
Case Study: Weaverville and a US Cost–Benefit Analysis of GHP Installation
Problems
References
Further Information

Direct Use of Geothermal Resources

 

 

Assessing the Magnitude of the Direct-Use Reservoir
Nature of Thermal Energy Transfer
Establishing the Feasibility of a Direct-Use Application
District Heating
Aquaculture
Drying
Synopsis
Case Study: Canby Cascaded System
Problems
References
Further Information

Enhanced Geothermal Systems

 

 

Concept of EGS
Magnitude of EGS
Characteristics of EGS
History of Enhanced Geothermal System Development
Reservoir Engineering
Reservoir Management for Sustainability
Synopsis
Case Study: Newberry Volcano Enhanced Geothermal System
Demonstration Project
Problems
References
Additional Information Sources

Use of Geothermal Resources: Economic Considerations

 

 

Economics of Geothermal Power
Economics of R&D Investment in Geothermal Energy
Developing a Geothermal Project
Alternative Economic Models
Synopsis
Problems
References
Further Information

Use of Geothermal Resources: Environmental Considerations

 

 

Emissions
Solute Load and Resource Recovery
Seismicity
Ground Subsidence
Water Use
Land Use
Synopsis
Problems
References
Further Information

Geothermal Energy Future: Possibilities and Issues

 

 

History of Geothermal Emergence in the Market Place
Geopressured Resources
Supercritical Geothermal Fluids
Thermoelectric Generation
Flexible Generation
Hybrid Geothermal Systems
Synopsis
Problems
References
Further Information

Index

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